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Resultados 321 resultados LastUpdate Última actualización 18/07/2018 [15:22:00] pdf PDF




Solicitudes publicadas en los últimos 15 días / Applications published in the last 15 days



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P/METAL-N-C HYBRID CATALYST

NºPublicación: EP3347937A1 18/07/2018

Solicitante:
CENTRE NAT RECH SCIENT [FR]
UNIV MONTPELLIER [FR]

Resumen de: WO2017042520A1

The invention concerns a P/Metal-N-C hybrid catalyst that comprises at least one nitrogen-doped carbonaceous matrix onto which at least one non-precious transition metal is covalently bonded and that is characterised in that it further comprises at least one partially oxidised precious transition metal P of which the weight percentage is less than or equal to 4.0%, and preferably less than or equal to 2.0%, relative to the mass of said P/Metal-N-C hybrid catalyst. The invention also concerns an electrochemical device that comprises such a device, for example a fuel cell with a polymer electrolyte membrane.



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A FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND METHOD

NºPublicación: EP3347938A1 18/07/2018

Solicitante:
LG FUEL CELL SYSTEMS INC [US]

Resumen de: WO2017042574A1

There is disclose a fuel cell system and method including at least one fuel cell and a duct to supply oxidant to the cathode of the at least one fuel cell. The duct includes at least one sorbent getter adapted to extract volatile species from the oxidant. The sorbent getter includes at least one member of the group consisting of magnesium oxide, calcium oxide and manganese oxide. The sorbent getter provides the advantage of extracting volatile species from the oxidant stream.



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ELECTRODE CATALYST LAYER FOR FUEL CELL, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME, MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY IN WHICH SAID CATALYST LAYER IS USED, FUEL CELL, AND VEHICLE

NºPublicación: EP3349281A1 18/07/2018

Solicitante:
NISSAN MOTOR [JP]

Resumen de: EP3349281A1

Provided is a fuel cell electrode catalyst layer which includes a catalyst carrier having a large specific surface area and a polymer electrolyte having a form in which at least a portion thereof is agglomerated, the fuel cell electrode catalyst layer exhibiting excellent power generation performance in a high-humidity environment (for example, 100% RH).



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FUEL CELL SYSTEM RIDE-THROUGH OF ELECTRIC GRID DISTURBANCES

NºPublicación: EP3347967A1 18/07/2018

Solicitante:
FUELCELL ENERGY INC [US]

Resumen de: US2017070088A1

A fuel cell system includes a fuel cell assembly configured to generate a direct current (DC) signal. The fuel cell system also includes one or more inverters coupled to the fuel cell assembly by way of one or more first bus lines. The fuel cell system also includes a variable frequency drive (VFD) coupled to an output of the one or more inverters and configured to receive AC power from the one or more inverters. The VFD is configured to convert the AC power to DC power and to provide the DC power to at least one auxiliary component during a normal operating condition. The fuel cell system further includes one or more second bus lines configured to receive the DC signal via the one or more first bus lines and to provide the DC signal to the VFD to power the at least one auxiliary component during a low voltage ride through condition.



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FILM-FORMING STOCK SOLUTION FOR USE IN NON-SOLVENT-INDUCED PHASE SEPARATION METHODS, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING POROUS HOLLOW FIBER MEMBRANE USING SAME

NºPublicación: EP3348323A1 18/07/2018

Solicitante:
NOK CORP [JP]

Resumen de: EP3348323A1

A membrane-forming dope for non-solvent induced phase separation methods, the membrane-forming dope comprising 15 to 40 wt.% of polysulfone-based resin, 5 to 60 wt.% of polyvinylpyrrolidone, and 0.1 to 10 wt.% of polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid ester, all of which are dissolved in a water-soluble organic solvent solution. A porous hollow fiber membrane is produced by spinning the membrane-forming dope by a non-solvent induced phase separation method using an aqueous liquid as a core liquid. The obtained high-performance porous hollow fiber membrane can be used as a water vapor permeable membrane used in fuel cells, because its water vapor permeability is not significantly reduced even after use in a high temperature environment such as, for example, 100 to 120°C.



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FUEL CELL SYSTEM

NºPublicación: EP3349284A1 18/07/2018

Solicitante:
PANASONIC IP MAN CO LTD [JP]

Resumen de: EP3349284A1

A fuel cell system includes flow rate regulator (4A) for adjusting a flow rate of fuel gas on fuel gas circulation path (3A) for returning unused fuel gas exhausted from power generation output variable fuel cell stack (10A) to fuel gas supply path (2A) of power generation output variable fuel cell stack (10A). The fuel cell system includes ejectors (5B, 5C) at merging portions of respective fuel gas supply paths (2B, 2C) of power generation output constant fuel cell stack (11B, 11C) and respective fuel gas circulation paths (3B, 3C) for returning unused fuel gas exhausted from power generation output constant fuel cell stacks (11B, 11C) to fuel gas supply paths (2B, 2C) of power generation output constant fuel cell stacks (11B, 11C).



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SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GENERATING HYDROGEN AND OXYGEN GASES

NºPublicación: EP3347508A1 18/07/2018

Solicitante:
HANSEN DON LEE [US]

Resumen de: US2015068889A1

The embodiments herein provide a HHO generating system and method for generating hydrogen, oxygen and methane. The system adopts electrolysis process to generate a HHO gas from a water-electrolyte solution. The system comprises a reaction tank filled with the water-electrolyte solution, a plurality of disks stacked one above another, a plurality of frames connecting to the disks and an external power supply. The disks comprise a plurality of negatively charged cathode disks and a plurality of positively charged anode disks. The plurality of frames comprises a plurality of conductive frames and a plurality of support frames configured to hold the disks. An electric current is supplied to the conducting frames so as to electrically charge the disks that react with the water-electrolyte solution to produce the HHO gas. The disks are copper-nickel alloy disks in a ratio of 70:30.



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METAL POROUS BODY, FUEL CELL, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING METAL POROUS BODY

NºPublicación: EP3349282A1 18/07/2018

Solicitante:
SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES [JP]

Resumen de: EP3349282A1

A porous metal body includes a three-dimensional mesh-like structure consisting of a skeleton, the porous metal body having a flat plate-like external form including a pair of main surfaces and end surfaces that connect the pair of main surfaces to each other, in which the skeleton includes a main metal layer consisting of nickel or a nickel alloy, and an oxide layer on a surface of the main metal layer, in which the oxide layer is not arranged on portions of the surface of the main metal layer included in the pair of main surfaces of the porous metal body.



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种具有自控温功能的仿生燃料电池

NºPublicación: CN108281686A 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
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Resumen de: CN108281686A

本发明公开了种具有自控温功能的仿生燃料电池,属于空气阴极燃料电池技术领域,包括壳体、电解液出口、片状铝阳极、片状空气阴极及仿生热管;所述壳体内充满电解液,片状铝阳极由壳体上方中心放入电解液中,片状空气阴极置于所述壳体相对称的内壁两侧,仿生热管由壳体上方放入电解液中;所述仿生热管的内壁由横向平行的亲水凸台和纵向平行的亲水凸台交错而成,亲水凸台之间形成疏水凹槽。该仿生燃料电池发生氧化还原反应时产生的热量使电解液温度升高,之后温度传至热管结构,热管中冷却液受热沸腾,由于热管可以提高沸腾换热系数和临界热流密度,达到高效导热的目的。这种新型仿生燃料电池设计能达到自控温的目的,具有高热交换效率。



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METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OBSERVING A STATE OF AN ELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEM WITH A FUEL CELL

NºPublicación: FR3061805A1 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
COMMISSARIAT A LENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES [FR]

Resumen de: US2018196108A1

A method for observing a state of an electrochemical system including a fuel cell including the following steps: measuring parameters that are representative of the fuel cell in operation; forming a control vector; forming a measurement vector; calculating a temporal variation, referred to as a non-corrected temporal variation; calculating a corrective term in sliding mode; calculating an estimate of the state of the electrochemical system; reiterating above steps while incrementing the measurement time.



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种阴极催化膜耦合无膜微生物燃料电池用于焦化废水处理系统

NºPublicación: CN108275777A 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
\u5927\u8FDE\u7406\u5DE5\u5927\u5B66

Resumen de: CN108275777A

本发明属于污水净化与废水资源化利用技术领域,公开了种阴极催化膜耦合无膜微生物燃料电池用于焦化废水处理系统。具体涉及阳极室产电微生物厌氧氧化作用,协同阴极催化膜光/电催化降解作用及膜过滤作用降解污染物,间歇及连续运行模式均获得较高的降解率,达到污水处理和生物产电的设计目的。本发明的效果和益处是提高传统MFC的出水水质;利用石英砂填充中间层替代质子交换膜,降低成本;耦合系统微电场提升催化过滤膜使用寿命、催化氧化处理难降解物;反应体系占地小、流程短、处理效果好并且节能环保,利于开展放大实验和产业化。



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种燃料电池装置及其极板流道气体分布的模拟方法

NºPublicación: CN108281683A 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
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Resumen de: CN108281683A

本发明提供种燃料电池装置及其极板流道气体分布的模拟方法,燃料电池装置包括第底板、第二底板、硅胶垫、阳极板、阴极板和盖板,第二底板位于第底板上,硅胶垫位于第二底板上,硅胶垫有第二方形孔,阳极板的背面与阴极板的背面贴合,阳极板和阴极板位于第二方形孔内,阳极板的阳极面上有第流道,阴极板的阴极面上有第二流道,盖板位于硅胶垫上,盖板上有进气口和出气口,进气口与第流道和第二流道的端相通,出气口与第流道和第二流道的另端相通,盖板和第二底板由透明材料制成,阳极板的阳极面与第二底板之间和阴极板的阴极面与盖板之间均设置有重氨晒图纸。燃料电池装置可视化其极板流道气体分布情况,结构简单,生产成本低。



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种磷化聚苯醚质子交换膜及其制备方法

NºPublicación: CN108281692A 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
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Resumen de: CN108281692A

本发明公开了种磷化聚苯醚质子交换膜及其制备方法,以三水铝石为原料,采用硅烷偶联剂进行表面处理,以脂肪酸聚乙二醇酯为分散剂,分散到乙酸乙酯溶液中,得到活化溶液,然后以4,4′‑二苯基甲烷二异氰酸酯为交联剂,在醇溶液中对聚苯醚进行交联改性,从而提高了聚苯醚的成膜强度,交联之后再与羟基乙叉二膦酸共混,以对甲基苯磺酸为催化剂,实现醇与膦酸的酯化,本发明加入的三水铝石能够有效的提高成品质子膜的表面硬度和力学强度,从而提高成品质子膜的综合性能。



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种稀土纳米二氧化硅质子膜及其制备方法

NºPublicación: CN108281690A 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
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Resumen de: CN108281690A

本发明公开了种稀土纳米二氧化硅质子膜及其制备方法,它是由下述重量份的原料组成的:硫化亚锡0.1‑0.2、甲基丙烯酸三氟乙酯1‑2、聚苯醚75‑80、烷醇酰胺0.7‑1、二甲基亚砜20‑30、稀土纳米二氧化硅溶液10‑13、甲磺酸2‑3、三氧化二锑1‑2。本发明引入的稀土离子也能够更好的分散到薄膜中,实现薄膜的导电均匀性,本发明的质子膜电导率稳定,膜的强度高,综合性能优越。



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种燃料电池用锆基陶瓷电解质膜的低温制备方法

NºPublicación: CN108281689A 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
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Resumen de: CN108281689A

本发明提出种燃料电池用锆基陶瓷电解质膜的低温制备方法,将原料按比例混合的锆源前驱体制备为浆体状,将陶瓷浆体通过压制成型形成尖锥阵列状,进行铜离子和锌离子掺杂后通过微波等离子体进行烧结,烧结时间为0.5‑1h后得到电解质膜。本发明通过微波电离气体产生等离子体,在微尖聚集形成尖端放电效应,使陶瓷膜迅速升温,掺杂的铜离子和锌离子可以有效降低其烧结温度,同时通过加入的硼烷气体裂解使表面致密化,从而在低温下获得均匀致密的陶瓷电解质膜,进而解决了传统锆基陶瓷电解质膜在低温条件下烧结致密度低,烧结时间长的缺点。进步,本发明对于降低锆基陶瓷电解质的烧结温度和烧结时间、提高致密度具有十分重要的实际意义。



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种双层钙钛矿结构的燃料电池阳极材料及制备方法

NºPublicación: CN108281677A 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
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Resumen de: CN108281677A

本发明提出种双层钙钛矿结构的燃料电池阳极材料及制备方法,将锶、钼、镍的硝酸盐晶体混合后进行湿法球磨,浆体加入造孔剂等助剂过滤干燥压延后预烧,将预烧后的片状多孔材料浸渍于氯化镁溶液中,待多孔片材充分吸附后进行高温烧结,制备获得板材状双层钙钛矿结构的阳极材料SrMoNiMgO。本发明提供上述方法克服了普通双层钙钛矿结构存在H气氛下不稳定,B位掺杂金属原子容易在高温反应中析出,高温下电导率较低,难以实际应用的缺陷,本发明提出种双层钙钛矿结构的燃料电池阳极材料及制备方法,在双层钙钛矿结构阳极基础上提高了电子电导率和结构稳定性,为其在燃料电池电极中的使用提供了可能。



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种燃料电池有机-无机复合介孔陶瓷电解质膜及制备方法

NºPublicación: CN108281687A 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
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Resumen de: CN108281687A

本发明提出种燃料电池有机‑无机复合介孔陶瓷电解质膜及制备方法。将纳米氧化铝溶于无机氯盐中,加入分散剂,形成氯代纳米氧化铝水分散液,之后将溶液与溶有硬脂酸的正丁醇溶液中,除去水分,通过过滤干燥压制低温热处理后制得硬脂酸接枝氯代氧化铝纳米薄膜。本发明提供上述方案能够克服质子交换膜由于制备精密,需要对水分进行精确控制,水含量过高或过低会严重影响膜材的质子迁移率和使用寿命的缺陷,制备的有机‑无机复合介孔陶瓷电解质膜质子迁移率高,解决了传统Nafion膜对于水含量控制要求精确的问题,提高了膜材的稳定性,对质子交换膜的水含量适用性改善具有十分重要的实际意义。



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种酸掺杂聚苯胺质子交换膜

NºPublicación: CN108276596A 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
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Resumen de: CN108276596A

本发明公开了种酸掺杂聚苯胺质子交换膜,它是由下述重量份的原料组成的:烯基琥珀酸酐2‑4、乙酰丙酮钒0.1‑0.2、八钼酸铵1‑2、纳米碳粉14‑20、油酸二乙醇酰胺1‑2、纤维聚苯胺溶液75‑80。本发明的质子交换膜加入的纳米碳粉能够有效的提高成品膜的力学稳定性,加入的乙酰丙酮钒等能够提高成品交换膜的耐热稳定性,本发明的交换膜加入的聚苯胺能够有效的提高成品膜的导电率,综合性能优越。



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种由含钒溶液生产全钒液流电池电解液的方法

NºPublicación: CN108281693A 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
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Resumen de: CN108281693A

本发明提供种由含钒溶液生产全钒液流电池电解液的方法,包括以下步骤:步骤1、调整含钒溶液pH值,当含钒溶液为酸性含钒溶液时,调整pH值至1‑3;当含钒溶液为碱性含钒溶液时,调整pH值至5‑10;步骤2、用树脂进行离子交换吸附含钒溶液中的钒离子;步骤3、用酸解析吸附有钒离子的树脂获得含钒解析溶液;步骤4、还原含钒解析溶液中的钒,当钒浓度低于设定值时,返回步骤3循环解析;当钒浓度大于等于设定值时,得到全钒液流电池电解液。该方法通过优化工艺流程,降低了全钒液流电池电解液生产成本,减少废水排放。



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FUEL CELL

NºPublicación: CN108283023A 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
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Resumen de: WO2018083856A1

With respect to this fuel cell (10), an air electrode (50) has a surface region (51) that is within 5 μm from a surface, which is on the reverse side of a solid electrolyte layer (30), and an inside region (52) that is formed on the solid electrolyte layer (30) of the surface region (51). Each of the surface region (51) and the inside region (52) comprises a main phase that is configured from a perovskite oxide, which is represented by general formula ABO3 and contains at least Sr in the A site, and a second phase that is configured from strontium sulfate. The area occupancy of the second phase in a cross-section of the surface region (51) is higher than the area occupancy of the second phase in a cross-section of the inside region.



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种非水质子传导的燃料电池质子交换膜及制备方法

NºPublicación: CN108281691A 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
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Resumen de: CN108281691A

本发明涉及种非水质子传导的燃料电池质子交换膜,属于质子交换膜技术领域。本发明种非水质子传导的燃料电池质子交换膜的制备方法为:a、将蛋白质液、萜烯树脂乳液、2‑取代咪唑衍生物、脲‑甲醛预聚物,分散均匀,再升温至70~80℃,继续搅拌4~5小时,得混匀液;b、将得到的混匀液采用湿法纺丝工艺纺丝、干燥、热定型工序,制得功能蛋白纤维;c、最后将功能蛋白纤维制粉,加入PO‑TiO陶瓷粉和水,制浆,通过涂浆法成膜得到本发明的质子交换膜。本发明的非水质子传导燃料电池质子交换膜,不但具有良好的增强、防开裂特性,而且在较高温度工作时,克服了高温时水不稳定造成的质子传导下降缺陷。



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种掺杂铝酸镧燃料电池电解质及制备方法

NºPublicación: CN108281688A 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
\u6210\u90FD\u65B0\u67EF\u529B\u5316\u5DE5\u79D1\u6280\u6709\u9650\u516C\u53F8

Resumen de: CN108281688A

本发明提供了种掺杂铝酸镧燃料电池电解质及制备方法。将镧的水合硝酸盐、铝的水合硝酸盐、掺杂元素A、掺杂元素B、乙酰丙酮、异丙醇及甲基纤维素水溶液混合,制得LaAAlBO型化合物前驱体,涂覆于基底层的表面形成薄膜前驱体,高温烧结制得立方钙钛矿型掺杂铝酸镧薄膜,即为燃料电池电解质。该方法通过扩大晶体内部的八面体间隙,在晶格内部形成类似磷灰石结构的间隙传导通道,以及通过掺杂提高内部的氧空位,从而有效提高电解质氧离子的传输效率,热力学稳定性好,工作温度较低,同时制备过程简单,所用原料成本低廉,能耗低,制备成本低,具有较好的经济优势。



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种质子交换膜燃料电池、成套设备及自动控制方法

NºPublicación: CN108281685A 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
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Resumen de: CN108281685A

本发明涉及种质子交换膜燃料电池、成套设备及自动控制方法,属于质子交换膜燃料电池技术领域。包括夹板和上夹板,在下夹板和上夹板之间安装有相互层叠的多块燃料电池板,并且下夹板和上夹板之间通过固定杆进行紧固;在相邻的燃料电池板之间设有温度传感器;质子交换膜燃料电池上还设有氢气进口管和空气进口管,分别用于向燃料电池板中输入氢气和氧气。本发明提供的质子交换膜燃料电池可以有效地对各个电板的温度进行监控,并将其反馈至远程监控端上,使电板运行在适宜的温度范围内。



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种燃料电池阴极复合材料及其制备方法、燃料电池

NºPublicación: CN108281682A 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
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Resumen de: CN108281682A

本发明涉及种燃料电池阴极复合材料及其制备方法、燃料电池,属于固体燃料电池技术领域。本发明的燃料电池阴极复合材料,具有如下所示的化学式:LaBaAgCoO;其中0<x≤1。本发明的燃料电池阴极复合材料是在钙钛矿型复合氧化物LaBaCoO的基础上,将贵金属Ag掺杂在其结构中,能有效降低阴极材料的欧姆以及激化电阻,提高电导率,提升阴极材料的氧化还原能力。而且Ag与Pd、Pt等贵金属比起来更加经济。



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种静态钒电池系统

Nº publicación: CN108281684A 13/07/2018

Solicitante:
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Resumen de: CN108281684A

本发明涉及种静态钒电池系统,其包括串联的多个单体电池单元,各单体电池单元包括两个电池板框、集流体、电极材料、电解质、密封组件、隔膜,两个电池板框并列,并列的两个电池板框的外侧为集流体,且集流体和电池板框的侧粘结在起,两个电池板框之间设有隔膜,隔膜两侧由密封组件包裹,密封组件与电池板框另侧连接,电极材料处于电池板框内侧腔体内,电解质均匀分布于电极材料上,并在最外侧由外端板和紧固件紧固密封,其中电池正负极耳处于最外侧串联电池单体的集流体侧,并与之紧密连接,正负极耳的外侧为外端板,每个电池框体上有正负极排气通道及注液孔,外端板上设有联通电池框体内部正负极排气通道的安全阀。


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